People on the spectrum often have trouble comprehending cause-effect relationships. An example observed to be challenging in the kitchen environment is understanding how a pan is heated on a stove: when a gas flame is visible, cause and effect may be easier to comprehend than with electrical or ceramic heating technology.
Another example, especially with autistic children, is their inability to understand the sources of some sounds. This confusion adds to the difficulties they very often have with noise.
It’s hard to attribute this cognitive shortcoming to any one or more of the autistic characteristics enumerated in the list of characteristics of the Dr. Leo Kannerhuis. Weak Central coherence (failing to see ‘the big picture’) may be involved and so may executive problems and intelligence.